Managing Your Blood Glucose Levels


When it comes to managing diabetes, blood glucose levels are crucial. Blood glucose is produced when many foods are broken down, and is utilized to power our brain, heart, and muscles. Blood glucose is found in the bloodstream (which carries it to all of our organs and cells) and inside the cells. It either originates from the food we eat or is generated by the liver (where it is changed into energy). You’re not alone if you have trouble controlling your blood sugar levels. Numerous health issues might result from poorly controlled diabetes. For the sake of your health, learn how to control your blood sugar. Be in charge of your diabetes by knowing the fundamental procedures for managing your diabetes.

Learn how to:

  • Recognize and address hypoglycemia (hypoglycemia)
  • Know how to spot and handle high blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
  • Prepare wholesome meals.
  • Keep an eye on your blood sugar (glucose)
  • Take good care of yourself if you’re ill.
  • Locate, purchase, and keep diabetic supplies
  • Get the necessary checkups.

If you use insulin, you should be knowledgeable about:

  • Self-inject with insulin
  • To control your blood sugar levels during exercise and on days when you’re ill, alter your insulin dosages and the meals you eat.

Additionally, you need to lead a healthy lifestyle.

  • 5 days a week, spend at least 30 minutes a day working out. Perform muscle-strengthening workouts twice a week or more.
  • Spend no more than 30 minutes at a time sitting.
  • Try swimming, dancing, or brisk walking. Select a pastime that you enjoy. Always consult your doctor before beginning a new workout regimen.
  • Adhere to your meal plan. Every meal presents a chance to choose wisely in terms of managing your diabetes.
  • Follow your doctor’s instructions when taking your medications.

Regularly Check Your Blood Sugar

You can determine how effectively you are controlling your diabetes by frequently checking your blood sugar levels and noting the results in a journal or using an app to keep track of them. The frequency of your blood sugar checks should be discussed with your doctor and a diabetes educator.

  • Not every diabetic patient needs to check their blood sugar daily. However, some people might need to check it numerous times each day.
  • You should check your blood sugar at least four times every day if you have type 1 diabetes.

You often check your blood sugar before meals and before going to bed. Additionally, you can test your blood sugar:

  • After dining out, especially if you ate things you don’t usually consume,
  • If you feel nauseous
  • both before and after your workout
  • If you have a lot of stress
  • If you eat excessively
  • If you are taking any new medications that might have an impact on your blood sugar

For both you and your provider, keep a record. If you are having trouble managing your diabetes, this will be a tremendous assistance. Additionally, it will let you know what approaches to controlling your blood sugar are effective and ineffective. Put down:

  • The time
  • Your level of blood sugar
  • How much sugar or carbohydrates you consumed
  • The kind and dosage of insulin or diabetes medications you take
  • The kind of activity you do and how long you work out
  • Any odd occurrences, such as feeling anxious, consuming unfamiliar foods, or falling ill

Optimal Blood Sugar Levels

The American Diabetes Association advises that blood sugar targets for patients with type 1 diabetes be determined by a person’s requirements and objectives. Discuss these objectives with your doctor and the diabetes educator. A general rule of thumb is: Your blood sugar should be: before meals.

For adults
between 90 and 130 mg/dL
5.0 to 7.2 mmol/
For kids
Aged 13 to 19: 90 to 130 mg/dL
5.0 to 7.2 mmol/L
For kids
Aged 6 to 12, between 90 and 180 mg/dL
5.0 and 10.0 mmol/L
For children
under the age of six, between 100 and 180 mg/dL
5.5 to 10.0 mmol/L

Your blood sugar level after meals (one to two hours after eating) should be: Adults with less than 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L) Your blood sugar level should be:

For adults
between 90 and 150 mg/dL
5.0 to 8.3 mmol/L
For children
aged 13 to 19: 90 to 150 mg/dL
5.0 to 8.3 mmol/L
For children
aged 6 to 12: 100 to 180 mg/dL
5.5 to 10.0 mmol/L
For children
age of six, between 110 and 200 mg/dL
6.1 and 11.1 mmol/L

The American Diabetes Association also suggests personalized blood sugar targets for persons with type 2 diabetes. Discuss your objectives with your doctor and the diabetes educator. For adults your blood sugar level should be  from 70 to 130 mg/dL (3.9 to 7.2 mmol/L). Your blood sugar level after meals (one to two hours after eating) should be: Adults should have less than 180 mg/dL (10.0 mmol/L).


If you do not know why your blood sugar is too high or too low, contact your healthcare practitioner. You’ll feel better and be in better health when your blood sugar levels are within the target range.

The finest source of information for queries and worries about your medical issue is your health care practitioner.

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